Mr Mbalula has served as President of the Botshabelo Youth Congress between 1986 and 1987; as a Publicity Secretary for the Botshabelo Youth Congress in 1987 and as vice-President of Botshabelo Student Congress in 1987.
He was an Area member of the United Democratic Front in 1989; Secretary of the ANC Provisional Youth Committee in 1990; regional Secretary of the African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL) from 1991 to 1994; provincial Secretary of ANCYL from 1994 to 1996 and Secretary of the ANCYL Political Education from 1996 to 1998.
In 1998 he was a member of the Local Branch Executive Committee of South African Youth Congress (Sayco) and he was an Affiliate member of Socialist International; member of Organisation of Appropriate Social Services in South Africa; President of the International Union of Socialist Youth in 2004; and as a Co-odinator of South African Medical and Dental Association.
Mr Mbalula has served as Secretary-General of the ANCYL from 1998 to 2004 and as a President of the ANCYL from 2004 to 2008. Prior to his appoitment as Minister of Sports and Recreation, he served as
Deputy Minister of Police from May 2009 to Oct 2010.